What is the Average Gas & Electricity Usage for UK Households

When comparing energy prices, understanding how your home energy usage compares to the UK average is crucial. Several factors influence your consumption, including the type of property you live in and the type of meter you have.

The average energy usage figures are managed by Ofgem, the UK's energy regulator. Ofgem collaborates with industry bodies to review and update the 'Typical Domestic Consumption Values' (TDCVs) every two years. This ensures that the figures reflect current trends and changes in energy consumption driven by advancements in technology and evolving lifestyles.

electricity usage over time bar chart

Key Takeaways

  • UK households on average use 11,500 kWh of gas and 2,700 kWh of electricity annually, based on Ofgem's Typical Domestic Consumption Values.
  • Energy usage varies significantly with house size, ranging from low to high consumption rates for both gas and electricity.
  • To save on energy costs, it's recommended to use annual usage figures from your energy bill for accurate comparison and potential switching to more economical tariffs.

What is the average gas & electricity usgage in the UK?

Ofgem typically releases yearly estimates of energy consumption based on house size, from which one can deduce the average energy costs for different home sizes.

Average gas usage

Energy Consumption Rate Average Gas Usage in kWh
Low 7,500 kWh
Medium 11,500 kWh
High 17,000kWh

Average electricity usage

Energy Consumption Rate Average Electricity Usage in kWh
Low 1,800 kWh
Medium 2,700 kWh
High 4,100 kWh

Once we have this information to hand, we can run an accurate energy price comparison to see how much our energy costs will be. Any Ofgem-accredited price comparison website will take your gas consumption and electricity consumption and calculate that using the unit rates of your existing energy tariff and compare it against all other energy tariffs available to you to then generate a view of your potential energy savings. If you've never switched, brace yourself as these can be significant savings!

Our energy usage is messaged in Kilowatt Hours (Kwhs). If you're looking for this information to save money and switch your gas and electricity supplier to find a cheaper energy deal, then it is strongly advised that you use an "annual usage" figure which will be printed on your latest energy bill. The reason for this is that our energy usage varies throughout the year i.e. longer days and warmer weather in the summer mean we don't use as much electricity through our lights or gas through our heating systems.

Let's take a closer look in to the detail as to exactly what the average energy usage looks like based on a low, medium and high user. This banding simply applies to the type of energy user you might be which can vary depending on the type of property you live in, for example, a bungalow or flat (low user), semi-detached house (medium user) or detached house (high user). But again, this isn't an exact science and can very much depend on the energy habits of that UK household.

gas usage over time bar chart

How do you know what your energy usage is?

The best way to determine this is to find a copy of your latest energy bill(s) and look for information mentioning your "Estimated Annual Usage". If you are with different energy suppliers for your gas and electricity, then you will need to find a copy of both bills. If you are a dual fuel energy customer i.e. you are with one supplier for both your gas and electricity, then this will be broken down for each fuel on your latest energy bill.

If you have recently moved home and don't know what your annual/yearly usage will be, then here is a quick property guide to help you get started: (NOTE: This is a guide only so if you proceed with this your actual bills may vary so please monitor closely and speak to your supplier directly to adjust your monthly payments if necessary).

Number of Bedrooms Yearly Gas Usage (in kWh) Yearly Electricity Usage (in kWh)
1 - 2 7,500 1,800
3 - 4 11,500 2,700
4+ 17,000 4,100

So there you have it. The UK average energy usage from 1st October 2023 is 11,500kwh Gas and 2,700kwh Electricity. Feel free to bookmark this page and check back in future to see how the average UK households energy usage has changed.

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